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International Journal of
Hospitality and Tourism
An International, Biannual,
Double Blind Peer Reviewed
Journal
ISSN: 2240-5371
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Issue: V4N2

Paper Type: DOUBLE BLIND REFFERED PAPER

Paper Title: Social Entrepreneurship as a tool for promoting global citizenship in island

Authors: Dr Gowreesunkar GB Vanessa, Dr Seraphin Hugues

Abstract:
While on one hand, social entrepreneurship, as a new movement, is being spearheaded by individuals to be in line with the principles of global citizenship, on the other hand, the tourism industry, as a global industry dominated by Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) seems to have underutilised this emerging concept in its sustainability initiatives. In Haiti, the Port-au-Prince Declaration (2011) put forward the creation of MSEs as one of the seven key pillars for growth in the tourism industry; two social entrepreneurship schemes were highlighted, but, a gap was identified in the context of island tourism. Likewise, in Mauritius, the ‘Maurice Ile Durable’ (MID) project proposes various sustainability initiatives for tourism, but overlooks social entrepreneurship. With this as background, the current paper examines the concept of social entrepreneurship and investigates its role in the sustainable development of two islands dependent on tourism. The study adopts a progressive approach, and successively defines social entrepreneurship in island tourism whilst investigating its implications. The aim is to make the case for the application of social entrepreneurship principles in the Mauritian and Haitian tourism sector. Methodologically, the study utilises an exploratory approach and adopts a two-stage research design; the first stage comprises literature review and the second stage takes place through unstructured interviews with small tourism entrepreneurs from both islands. The findings show that social entrepreneurship, if appropriately explored, can contribute in sustainability initiatives of island tourism and help in fostering global citizenship. The need for integrating Principles of Responsible Management in Education (PRME) in social entrepreneurship education is also highlighted. This study not only builds on social entrepreneurship literature but also advances knowledge on its fulfilling role in island tourism. The results of this study will have implications on future directions of the Haitian and Mauritian tourism industry.